文章摘要
基于应用型人才培养的微生物学实验教学的改革与探索
Reform and Exploration of Microbiology Experimental Teaching Based on the Application-Oriented Talent Cultivation
  
DOI:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1005-7021.2021.02.018
中文关键词: 微生物实验  应用型人才  教学改革  教学方法
英文关键词: microbiology experiment  application-oriented talents  teaching reform  teaching methods
基金项目:湖南省教改课题(湘教通[2018]436号);2020年湖南省新农科研究与改革实践项目(湘教通[2020]94号);湖南科技学院教改课题(20SZJP05)
作者单位
邵金华 湖南科技学院 化学与生物工程学院湖南 永州 425199 
廖阳 湖南科技学院 化学与生物工程学院湖南 永州 425199 
余响华 湖南科技学院 化学与生物工程学院湖南 永州 425199 
张永 湖南科技学院 化学与生物工程学院湖南 永州 425199 
朱智勇 湖南科技学院 化学与生物工程学院湖南 永州 425199 
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中文摘要:
      以湖南科技学院为例,研究分析了目前该校“微生物学实验”教学中存在的问题,针对学校培养应用型人才目标,做如下改进:优化实验的教学内容,以“加强基础实验、提高实践能力及体现特色”的原则进行;改革实验的教学方法,以探究式、混合式教学为主并结合线上教学;对实验的考核方式进行改革,采用“平时成绩+实验报告+综合评价”评价体系;加强师资队伍建设并改进评价方式。结果表明,改进后学生分析问题、解决问题及创新能力大幅度提升,促进了学生积极思考、发现新现象并及时改进实验技术方法,进而提高学生的学习效果,推进应用型人才的培养。
英文摘要:
      Taking Hunan University of Science and Engineering as an example, this thesis studied and analyzed the current existing problems of "microbiology experiment" in the university. Aiming at the university′s goal of fostering application-oriented talents, this thesis has made improvements as follows: optimizing the teaching content of the experiment, that was conducted according to the principle of "strengthening the basic experiment, improving the practical ability, and reflecting characteristics"; reforming the teaching method of the experiment, which took the inquiry teaching and the blended teaching as main teaching modes in combination with online teaching; reforming the evaluation methods of the experiment, which adopted the evaluation system of "grades in normal times-experiment report comprehensive evaluation"; strengthening the construction of teaching staff and improving evaluation methods. The results showed that the students′ ability in analyzing problems, solving problems, and innovating has been greatly improved, which promoted students to think positively, discover new phenomena, and improve experimental techniques and methods in time, and then improve students′ learning effect and promote the application-oriented talent fostering.
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