文章摘要
肠道菌群在蜜蜂健康与疾病中的作用研究进展
Advances in the Role of Enteric Duct Microbial Population (EDMP) in Honeybees′ Health and Diseases
  
DOI:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1005-7021.2021.02.013
中文关键词: 蜜蜂  肠道菌群  健康  疾病  调节作用  共生菌  影响因素  进展
英文关键词: honeybees  enteric duct microbial population (EDMP)  health  disease  regulating action  symbiotic bacteria  influencing factor  advance
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31660695)
作者单位
陈奕霏 昆明理工大学 生命科学与技术学院云南 昆明 650500 
董志祥 昆明理工大学 生命科学与技术学院云南 昆明 650500 
李还原 昆明理工大学 生命科学与技术学院云南 昆明 650500 
唐启河 昆明理工大学 生命科学与技术学院云南 昆明 650500 
郭军 昆明理工大学 生命科学与技术学院云南 昆明 650500 
摘要点击次数: 86
全文下载次数: 0
中文摘要:
      蜜蜂是重要的经济昆虫,在农作物授粉和维持生态平衡等方面扮演了重要角色。随着生态环境的逐步恶化,蜜蜂极易受到寄生虫、农药、抗生素和病原微生物等的危害。肠道作为蜜蜂的重要免疫器官,在抵抗外源刺激等方面具有不可替代的作用。而肠道菌群作为肠道的重要组成部分,对蜜蜂的健康有着至关重要的影响。其拥有高度保守和专门的核心微生物群,主要由九大类细菌组成。近年来,有关肠道菌群的研究主要集中在新陈代谢、免疫防御、生长发育等方面。肠道菌群不仅可以帮助宿主消化和制造营养素,还可维持宿主体内能量稳态,其对蛋白质的代谢也使菌群丰度增加。越来越多的证据表明,肠道菌群紊乱会导致蜜蜂健康受损,其多样性对宿主健康和疾病影响甚广。因此,肠道菌群成为近年来微生物学领域研究的焦点。主要综述了蜜蜂属、熊蜂属等主要传粉蜂类肠道菌群的组成及其在健康与疾病中的作用,为深入了解传粉昆虫肠道菌群功能提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Honeybee is an important economic insect playing important roles in crops pollination and maintaining ecological balance. With gradual deterioration of the ecological environment, honeybees are vulnerable to parasites, pesticides, antibiotics, pathogenic microbes and other perils. As an important immune organ of honeybee, enteric duct plays an irreplaceable role in resisting exogenous stimulation and other aspects. As a part of the enteric duct, enteric duct microbial population (EDMP) has a vital important effect on the health of honeybees, it possesses highly conservative and special core microbial population mainly consists of nine major categories of bacteria. Recently studies on EDMP mainly focus on metabolism, immune defense, growth and development etc. EDMP not only could help the host to digest and produce nutrient, it could also maintain the energy stable state of the host internal body, and its protein metabolism also increases the abundance of EDMP. More and more evidences showed that the disturbance of EDMP could lead the damages of honeybee′s health, and the diversity of EDMP has great impact on the host′s health and diseases. Therefore, EDMP recently has become the focus of the area of scientific investigation in microbiology. This paper mainly summarized the makeup and the role of EDMP of bees, bumblebees and other major pollinators in their health and disease, and laid a foundation for further understanding the functions of EDMP of pollinators.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭